Friday, August 31, 2012

Berakhot Daf 31 - For Shabbat!

Berakhot Daf 30

Thursday, August 30, 2012

Berakhot Daf 29

One point of clarification that I didn't convey so clearly in the recording: The first version of Rav Nahman bar Yitzhaq holds that the only time that a person who forgets Yaaleh Veyavo has to repeat the Amidah is when he BOTH took three steps back AND doesn't add supplications at the end of his prayer. If he EITHER hasn't stepped back OR he has stepped back but typically adds supplications, then he is still considered involved in the prayer and can go back and correct it without starting over. The second version holds that if the person took three steps back he must start over no matter what; in fact, even if he hasn't taken three steps back yet, if he doesn't generally append supplications to the end of his Amida, then as soon as he is finished with it and is READY to step back, he can no longer salvage/correct his prayer.

Another point: In Havinenu, the phrase "Ve-hatoim al daatkha yishapetu" can also be read "al daatkha yishpotu" depending on how it is interpreted. If it means "those who err should be judged by Your wisdom", then the former is correct,  but it seems that Rashi's preferred interpretation - that it means "judges who err should instead judge according to Your wisdom" - fits best with the latter.

Thursday, August 23, 2012

Berakhot Daf 22

Unfortunately, the last few minutes of the shiur did not record, mainly because the Ipod's battery failed...I plan to replace it today so that we won't encounter the problem in the future. For a summary of the last few points of the Gemara that are omitted, borrowed from here:

(g) One of the following teachings was taught by R. Yochanan or Reish Lakish, the other was R. Elazar or R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina.
(h) (Chacham A): The first Tana distinguishes between learning himself and teaching others -- this is only for Choleh ha'Margil, but nine Kabim always suffice for Choleh b'Ones, even if he plans to teach others;
(i) (Chacham B): In every case, 40 Se'ah are required if one plans to teach Torah to others.
(j) (Chachamim C and D are from the same pairs as above.)
(k) (Chacham C): R. Yehudah requires 40 Se'ah (an actual miqveh) in any case -- the water must be in the ground, not in a vessel;
(l) (Chacham D): The water may be in a vessel, it need not be a kosher miqveh; a bathtub would be fine.
(m) Question: According to Chacham D, we understand why R. Yehudah said "40 Se'ah in any case," to permit water in a vessel; but according to Chacham C, what does "in any case" include?
(n) Answer: It includes Mayim She'uvim (water that was drawn in a vessel), which is acceptable as long as it is deposited in the ground and doesn't remain in a vessel when used for immersion.

(o) Rav Papa, Rav Huna son of Rav Yehoshua and Rava bar Shmuel ate together; Rav Papa asked to lead Birkat haMazon, because nine Kabim were poured on him.
(p) Rava bar Shmuel: But a Barayta taught that nine Kabim permit one to learn, but not to teach or bless for others until immersing in 40 Se'ah!
(q) Rava bar Shmuel: Rather, I should lead Birkat haMazon, because I immersed in 40 Se'ah.
(r) Rav Huna: I should lead, for I had no need to immerse.
(s) Rav Chama would immerse on Erev Pesach to say berakhot on behalf of others (Rashi; alternatively, perhaps he would recite the Hagadah on behalf of others).
(t) The Halachah does not follow him (nine Kabim suffice).

Wednesday, August 22, 2012

Berakhot 21A/B

Most of today's lecture is contained in the first video. The recording was cut off midstream, so I went back and re-recorded the rest of the material myself after the class. That section appears below entitled "Masekhet Berakhot 21B".

Here is the second part: